NVIDIA Jetson Xavier NX分配磁盘空间


提前声明,这篇博客可能并不能够帮助你,你勿吐嘈,仅作我个人遇到到问题的情况,因此此篇是水博客,请跳过


1 问题和场景说明

1、我使用SDK Manager刷机方式给我的Jetson Xavier NX设备刷机的时候,发现刷完机器之后,系统几乎没有空间了,但是我的SD卡是128GB的,

如下图所示,可以看到有SD卡分区并没有挂在上去

在这里插入图片描述

可以使用命令:sudo fdisk -l查看分区的情况

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ sudo fdisk -l
[sudo] password for zhihui: 
Disk /dev/ram0: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram1: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram2: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram3: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram4: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram5: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram6: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram7: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram8: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram9: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram10: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram11: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram12: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram13: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram14: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram15: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/loop0: 16 MiB, 16777216 bytes, 32768 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/mtdblock0: 32 MiB, 33554432 bytes, 65536 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mmcblk0: 119.1 GiB, 127865454592 bytes, 249737216 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 010FA85C-F718-4B4D-B503-E97D63E7716D

Device             Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/mmcblk0p1        40  29360167  29360128    14G Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p2  29360168  29491239    131072    64M Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p3  29491240  29622311    131072    64M Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p4  29622312  29623207       896   448K Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p5  29623208  29624103       896   448K Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p6  29624104  29753127    129024    63M Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p7  29753128  29754151      1024   512K Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p8  29754152  29754663       512   256K Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p9  29754664  29755175       512   256K Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p10 29755176  29959975    204800   100M Microsoft basic data
/dev/mmcblk0p11 29960192 249735167 219774976 104.8G Linux filesystem


Disk /dev/zram0: 647 MiB, 678387712 bytes, 165622 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram1: 647 MiB, 678387712 bytes, 165622 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram2: 647 MiB, 678387712 bytes, 165622 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram3: 647 MiB, 678387712 bytes, 165622 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram4: 647 MiB, 678387712 bytes, 165622 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram5: 647 MiB, 678387712 bytes, 165622 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ sudo mount /dev/mmcblk0p11 /dev/mmcblk0p11^C

使用命令:df -h查看各个磁盘分区的使用情况:

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mmcblk0p1   14G   12G  1.1G  92% /
none            3.5G     0  3.5G   0% /dev
tmpfs           3.8G   52K  3.8G   1% /dev/shm
tmpfs           3.8G   30M  3.8G   1% /run
tmpfs           5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs           3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs           777M   12K  777M   1% /run/user/120
tmpfs           777M  124K  777M   1% /run/user/1000

2 尝试解决磁盘分区挂在问题

由于,Jetson Xavier NX会自带一部分存储空间,然后我在刷机的时候并没有把系统刷进SD卡中,后面就导致很难挂在,而且两个独立的硬件存储设备貌似是不能够实现分区挂在的,反正我的windows电脑就是这样的,估计这个Jetson NX设备也不例外。

最终的解决方式:使用另外一种刷机方式,镜像刷机

具体参考:这篇博客

下面是各种骚操作尝试,也都没有用,请不用看!!!

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ udo mount /dev/mmcblk0p11 /dev/mmcblk0p1
bash: udo: command not found
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ sudo mount /dev/mmcblk0p11 /dev/mmcblk0p1
mount: /dev/mmcblk0p1: mount point is not a directory.
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ sudo mount /dev/mmcblk0p11 /home/zhihui
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ ls
Desktop    Downloads         Jetson_NX_requirement.txt  Pictures  Templates  VisionWorks-SFM-0.90-Samples
Documents  examples.desktop  Music                      Public    Videos     zhihui
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ cd /home/
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/home$ ls
zhihui
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/home$ cd zhihui/
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ ls
lost+found
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ cd lost+found/
bash: cd: lost+found/: Permission denied
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ du --max-depth=1 -h
24K	./.config
du: cannot read directory './lost+found': Permission denied
16K	./lost+found
44K	.
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ df -h
Filesystem       Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mmcblk0p1    14G   12G  1.1G  92% /
none             3.5G     0  3.5G   0% /dev
tmpfs            3.8G   52K  3.8G   1% /dev/shm
tmpfs            3.8G   30M  3.8G   1% /run
tmpfs            5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs            3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs            777M   12K  777M   1% /run/user/120
tmpfs            777M  128K  777M   1% /run/user/1000
/dev/mmcblk0p11  103G   61M   98G   1% /home/zhihui
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ 

在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述

pvcreate
sudo apt-get install lvm2

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ df -h
Filesystem       Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mmcblk0p1    14G   12G  1.1G  93% /
none             3.5G     0  3.5G   0% /dev
tmpfs            3.8G  112M  3.7G   3% /dev/shm
tmpfs            3.8G   22M  3.8G   1% /run
tmpfs            5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs            3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs            777M   12K  777M   1% /run/user/120
tmpfs            777M  108K  777M   1% /run/user/1000
/dev/mmcblk0p11  105G   32K  105G   1% /mnt/mmcblk0p11
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ pvcreate /dev/mmcblk0p11
  WARNING: Running as a non-root user. Functionality may be unavailable.
  /run/lvm/lvmetad.socket: access failed: Permission denied
  WARNING: Failed to connect to lvmetad. Falling back to device scanning.
  /run/lock/lvm/P_orphans:aux: open failed: Permission denied
  Can't get lock for orphan PVs.
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ sudo pvcreate /dev/mmcblk0p11
  Can't open /dev/mmcblk0p11 exclusively.  Mounted filesystem?
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mmcblk0p1   14G   12G  1.1G  93% /
none            3.5G     0  3.5G   0% /dev
tmpfs           3.8G  113M  3.7G   3% /dev/shm
tmpfs           3.8G   22M  3.8G   1% /run
tmpfs           5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs           3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs           777M   12K  777M   1% /run/user/120
tmpfs           777M  108K  777M   1% /run/user/1000
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ sudo pvcreate /dev/mmcblk0
  Device /dev/mmcblk0 excluded by a filter.
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ df -h
Filesystem       Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mmcblk0p1    14G   12G  1.1G  93% /
none             3.5G     0  3.5G   0% /dev
tmpfs            3.8G  112M  3.7G   3% /dev/shm
tmpfs            3.8G   22M  3.8G   1% /run
tmpfs            5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs            3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs            777M   12K  777M   1% /run/user/120
tmpfs            777M  108K  777M   1% /run/user/1000

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ sudo pvcreate /dev/mmcblk0
  Device /dev/mmcblk0 excluded by a filter.
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ sudo vgextend VolGroup /dev/mmcblk0
  Device /dev/mmcblk0 excluded by a filter.
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ 

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:/$ sudo fdisk /dev/mmcblk0

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.31.1).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.


Command (m for help): m

Help:

  Generic
   d   delete a partition
   F   list free unpartitioned space
   l   list known partition types
   n   add a new partition
   p   print the partition table
   t   change a partition type
   v   verify the partition table
   i   print information about a partition

  Misc
   m   print this menu
   x   extra functionality (experts only)

  Script
   I   load disk layout from sfdisk script file
   O   dump disk layout to sfdisk script file

  Save & Exit
   w   write table to disk and exit
   q   quit without saving changes

  Create a new label
   g   create a new empty GPT partition table
   G   create a new empty SGI (IRIX) partition table
   o   create a new empty DOS partition table
   s   create a new empty Sun partition table


Command (m for help): F
Unpartitioned space /dev/mmcblk0: 104.8 GiB, 112525819904 bytes, 219776992 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

   Start       End   Sectors   Size
29960192 249737183 219776992 104.8G

Command (m for help): n
Selected partition 11
First sector (29959976-249737183, default 29960192): 
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G,T,P} (29960192-249737183, default 249737183): 

Created a new partition 11 of type 'Linux filesystem' and of size 104.8 GiB.
Partition #11 contains a vfat signature.

Do you want to remove the signature? [Y]es/[N]o: Y

The signature will be removed by a write command.

Command (m for help): t
Partition number (1-11, default 11):  
Partition type (type L to list all types): L
  1 EFI System                     C12A7328-F81F-11D2-BA4B-00A0C93EC93B
  2 MBR partition scheme           024DEE41-33E7-11D3-9D69-0008C781F39F
  3 Intel Fast Flash               D3BFE2DE-3DAF-11DF-BA40-E3A556D89593
  4 BIOS boot                      21686148-6449-6E6F-744E-656564454649
  5 Sony boot partition            F4019732-066E-4E12-8273-346C5641494F
  6 Lenovo boot partition          BFBFAFE7-A34F-448A-9A5B-6213EB736C22
  7 PowerPC PReP boot              9E1A2D38-C612-4316-AA26-8B49521E5A8B
  8 ONIE boot                      7412F7D5-A156-4B13-81DC-867174929325
  9 ONIE config                    D4E6E2CD-4469-46F3-B5CB-1BFF57AFC149
 10 Microsoft reserved             E3C9E316-0B5C-4DB8-817D-F92DF00215AE
 11 Microsoft basic data           EBD0A0A2-B9E5-4433-87C0-68B6B72699C7
 12 Microsoft LDM metadata         5808C8AA-7E8F-42E0-85D2-E1E90434CFB3
 13 Microsoft LDM data             AF9B60A0-1431-4F62-BC68-3311714A69AD
 14 Windows recovery environment   DE94BBA4-06D1-4D40-A16A-BFD50179D6AC
 15 IBM General Parallel Fs        37AFFC90-EF7D-4E96-91C3-2D7AE055B174
 16 Microsoft Storage Spaces       E75CAF8F-F680-4CEE-AFA3-B001E56EFC2D
 17 HP-UX data                     75894C1E-3AEB-11D3-B7C1-7B03A0000000
 18 HP-UX service                  E2A1E728-32E3-11D6-A682-7B03A0000000
 19 Linux swap                     0657FD6D-A4AB-43C4-84E5-0933C84B4F4F
 20 Linux filesystem               0FC63DAF-8483-4772-8E79-3D69D8477DE4
 21 Linux server data              3B8F8425-20E0-4F3B-907F-1A25A76F98E8
 22 Linux root (x86)               44479540-F297-41B2-9AF7-D131D5F0458A
 23 Linux root (ARM)               69DAD710-2CE4-4E3C-B16C-21A1D49ABED3
 24 Linux root (x86-64)            4F68BCE3-E8CD-4DB1-96E7-FBCAF984B709
 25 Linux root (ARM-64)            B921B045-1DF0-41C3-AF44-4C6F280D3FAE
 26 Linux root  (IA-64)             993D8D3D-F80E-4225-855A-9DAF8ED7EA97
 27 Linux reserved                 8DA63339-0007-60C0-C436-083AC8230908
 28 Linux home                     933AC7E1-2EB4-4F13-B844-0E14E2AEF915
 29 Linux RAID                     A19D880F-05FC-4D3B-A006-743F0F84911E
 30 Linux extended boot            BC13C2FF-59E6-4262-A352-B275FD6F7172
 31 Linux LVM                      E6D6D379-F507-44C2-A23C-238F2A3DF928
 32 FreeBSD data                   516E7CB4-6ECF-11D6-8FF8-00022D09712B
 33 FreeBSD boot                   83BD6B9D-7F41-11DC-BE0B-001560B84F0F
 34 FreeBSD swap                   516E7CB5-6ECF-11D6-8FF8-00022D09712B
 35 FreeBSD UFS                    516E7CB6-6ECF-11D6-8FF8-00022D09712B
 36 FreeBSD ZFS                    516E7CBA-6ECF-11D6-8FF8-00022D09712B
 37 FreeBSD Vinum                  516E7CB8-6ECF-11D6-8FF8-00022D09712B
 38 Apple HFS/HFS+                 48465300-0000-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC
 39 Apple UFS                      55465300-0000-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC
 40 Apple RAID                     52414944-0000-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC
 41 Apple RAID offline             52414944-5F4F-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC
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