报错:ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘cv_bridge‘,以及在ROS是如何安装cv_bridge库包

1 问题原因分析

在个错误是由于安装的ros版本并没有带cv_bridge库包,所以在导入的时候报错:ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'cv_bridge'

>>> from cv_bridge import CvBridge
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'cv_bridge'
>>> 

2、我安装的是基础版的ROSros-melodic-ros-base,因此有些库包没有

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ pip show cv_bridge
WARNING: Package(s) not found: cv_bridge
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ 

如果安装了相应的库包会显示相关信息,例如rosbag

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ pip show rosbag
Name: rosbag
Version: 1.14.10
Summary: This is a set of tools for recording from and playing back to ROS
    topics.  It is intended to be high performance and avoids
    deserialization and reserialization of the messages.
Home-page: http://wiki.ros.org/rosbag
Author: Jacob Perron <jacob@openrobotics.org>, Michael Carroll <michael@openrobotics.org>, Shane Loretz <sloretz@openrobotics.org>
Author-email: UNKNOWN
License: BSD
Location: /opt/ros/melodic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Requires: 
Required-by: 
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ 

2 问题解决方式

2.1 尝试问题解决方式1

1、官方有人提问给出的安装方式为:

sudo apt-get install ros-(ROS version name)-cv-bridge

例如:如果你安装的ROS版本是melodic,则安装命令为

sudo apt-get install ros-melodic-cv-bridge

2、我尝试安装报错:E: Unable to locate package ros-kinetic-cv-bridge

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ sudo apt-get install ros-kinetic-cv-bridge
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
E: Unable to locate package ros-kinetic-cv-bridge
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ 

这是由于没有找到cv_bridge的下载源地址,但是我又不知道怎么添加该下载源,如有知道可以告知!

2.2 尝试问题解决方式2

1、重新安装一个比较全的ROS版本

sudo apt-get install ros-melodic-desktop-full

2、你在下面列的安装信息也可以查看到是有ros-melodic-cv-bridge库包的

安装好新的ROS就有cv_bridge 库包了

zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ pip show cv_bridge
Name: cv-bridge
Version: 1.13.0
Summary: This contains CvBridge, which converts between ROS
    Image messages and OpenCV images.
Home-page: http://www.ros.org/wiki/cv_bridge
Author: Vincent Rabaud
Author-email: vincent.rabaud@gmail.com
License: BSD
Location: /opt/ros/melodic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Requires: 
Required-by: 
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ 
zhihui@zhihui-desktop:~$ sudo apt-get install ros-melodic-desktop-full
[sudo] password for zhihui: 
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  apt-clone archdetect-deb bogl-bterm busybox-static cryptsetup-bin dpkg-repack
  gir1.2-timezonemap-1.0 gir1.2-xkl-1.0 grub-common kde-window-manager kpackagetool5 kwayland-data
  kwin-common kwin-data kwin-x11 libdebian-installer4 libkdecorations2-5v5
  libkdecorations2private5v5 libkf5activities5 libkf5declarative-data libkf5declarative5
  libkf5globalaccelprivate5 libkf5idletime5 libkf5kcmutils-data libkf5kcmutils5 libkf5package-data
  libkf5package5 libkf5plasma5 libkf5quickaddons5 libkf5waylandclient5 libkf5waylandserver5
  libkscreenlocker5 libkwin4-effect-builtins1 libkwineffects11 libkwinglutils11
  libkwinxrenderutils11 libqgsttools-p1 libqt5multimedia5 libqt5multimedia5-plugins
  libqt5multimediaquick-p5 libqt5multimediawidgets5 libxcb-composite0 libxcb-cursor0 libxcb-damage0
  os-prober python3-dbus.mainloop.pyqt5 python3-icu python3-pam python3-pyqt5 python3-pyqt5.qtsvg
  python3-pyqt5.qtwebkit qml-module-org-kde-kquickcontrolsaddons qml-module-qtmultimedia rdate
  tasksel tasksel-data
Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following additional packages will be installed:
  curl cython fltk1.3-doc fluid fonts-lato gazebo9 gazebo9-common gazebo9-plugin-base gdal-data
  gir1.2-gtk-2.0 graphviz hddtemp libann0 libarmadillo-dev libarmadillo8 libarpack2 libarpack2-dev
  libassimp-dev libassimp4 libatk1.0-dev libavcodec-dev libavdevice-dev libavfilter-dev
  libavformat-dev libavresample-dev libavutil-dev libbullet-dev libbullet2.87
  libcairo-script-interpreter2 libcairo2-dev libccd-dev libccd2 libcdt5 libcgraph6 libcharls1
  libcurl4 libcurl4-openssl-dev libdap-dev libdap25 libdapclient6v5 libdapserver7v5 libepsilon-dev
  libepsilon1 libflann-dev libflann1.9 libfltk-cairo1.3 libfltk-forms1.3 libfltk-gl1.3
  libfltk-images1.3 libfltk1.3 libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreeimage-dev libfreeimage3
  libfreetype6 libfreetype6-dev libfreexl-dev libfreexl1 libfyba-dev libfyba0 libgazebo9
  libgazebo9-dev libgdal-dev libgdal20 libgdcm2.8 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-dev libgeos-3.6.2 libgeos-c1v5
  libgeos-dev libgeotiff-dev libgeotiff2 libgif-dev libgl2ps-dev libgl2ps1.4 libgraphviz-dev
  libgtk2.0-dev libgts-0.7-5 libgts-bin libgts-dev libgvc6 libgvc6-plugins-gtk libgvpr2
  libhdf4-0-alt libhdf4-alt-dev libhdf5-mpi-dev libhdf5-openmpi-100 libhdf5-openmpi-dev
  libignition-cmake-dev libignition-common libignition-common-dev libignition-fuel-tools1-1
  libignition-fuel-tools1-dev libignition-math4 libignition-math4-dev libignition-msgs
  libignition-msgs-dev libignition-transport4 libignition-transport4-dev libjbig-dev
  libjs-sphinxdoc libjs-underscore libjson-c-dev libjsoncpp-dev libjxr0 libkml-dev libkmlbase1
  libkmlconvenience1 libkmldom1 libkmlengine1 libkmlregionator1 libkmlxsd1 liblab-gamut1
  liblzma-dev libminizip-dev libminizip1 libnetcdf-c++4 libnetcdf-cxx-legacy-dev libnetcdf-dev
  libnetcdf13 libogdi3.2 libogdi3.2-dev libogg-dev libogre-1.9-dev libogre-1.9.0v5 libopenal-dev
  libopencv-calib3d3.2 libopencv-core3.2 libopencv-features2d3.2 libopencv-flann3.2
  libopencv-highgui3.2 libopencv-imgcodecs3.2 libopencv-imgproc3.2 libopencv-ml3.2
  libopencv-videoio3.2 libopenjp2-7-dev libopenni-dev libopenni-sensor-pointclouds0 libopenni0
  libopenni2-0 libopenni2-dev libpango1.0-dev libpathplan4 libpcl-apps1.8 libpcl-common1.8
  libpcl-dev libpcl-features1.8 libpcl-filters1.8 libpcl-io1.8 libpcl-kdtree1.8 libpcl-keypoints1.8
  libpcl-ml1.8 libpcl-octree1.8 libpcl-outofcore1.8 libpcl-people1.8 libpcl-recognition1.8
  libpcl-registration1.8 libpcl-sample-consensus1.8 libpcl-search1.8 libpcl-segmentation1.8
  libpcl-stereo1.8 libpcl-surface1.8 libpcl-tracking1.8 libpcl-visualization1.8 libpixman-1-dev
  libpng-dev libpng-tools libpoppler-dev libpoppler-glib8 libpoppler-private-dev libpoppler73
  libpostproc-dev libpq-dev libpq5 libproj-dev libproj12 libprotobuf-dev libprotoc-dev libprotoc10
  libqhull-dev libqhull-r7 libqhull7 libqt5concurrent5 libqt5designercomponents5 libqt5opengl5-dev
  libqt5quickparticles5 libqt5quicktest5 libqt5sql5-sqlite libqt5webkit5-dev libqtpropertybrowser4
  libqwt-headers libqwt-qt5-6 libqwt-qt5-dev libruby2.5 libsdformat6 libsdformat6-dev
  libsimbody-dev libsimbody3.5v5 libsocket++1 libspatialite-dev libspatialite7 libspnav0
  libsuperlu-dev libsuperlu5 libswresample-dev libswscale-dev libtar-dev libtar0 libtheora-dev
  libtiff-dev libtiff5-dev libtiffxx5 libtinyxml-dev liburdfdom-dev liburdfdom-headers-dev
  liburdfdom-model liburdfdom-model-state liburdfdom-sensor liburdfdom-world liburiparser-dev
  liburiparser1 libvtk6-dev libvtk6-java libvtk6-jni libvtk6-qt-dev libvtk6.3 libvtk6.3-qt
  libwebp-dev libxcb-shm0-dev libxcomposite-dev libxcursor-dev libxdot4 libxerces-c-dev
  libxerces-c3.2 libxft-dev libxinerama-dev libxml2-utils libxss-dev libyaml-cpp-dev
  libyaml-cpp0.5v5 libyaml-dev libzip-dev libzip4 libzmq3-dev libzzip-0-13 odbcinst
  odbcinst1debian2 openni-utils poppler-utils proj-bin proj-data protobuf-compiler pyqt5-dev
  python-autobahn python-automat python-backports.functools-lru-cache python-cbor python-click
  python-colorama python-concurrent.futures python-constantly python-cycler python-hyperlink
  python-incremental python-lz4 python-matplotlib python-mpi4py python-nacl python-opengl
  python-openssl python-pam python-psutil python-pyasn1-modules python-pydot python-pyqt5
  python-pyqt5.qtopengl python-pyqt5.qtsvg python-pyqt5.qtwebkit python-qrcode python-serial
  python-service-identity python-sip python-sip-dev python-snappy python-subprocess32 python-tk
  python-trie python-trollius python-twisted python-twisted-bin python-twisted-core python-txaio
  python-tz python-u-msgpack python-ubjson python-vtk6 python-wsaccel python-zope.interface
  qt5-assistant qt5-qmake qt5-qmake-bin qt5-qmltooling-plugins qtbase5-dev qtbase5-dev-tools
  qtdeclarative5-dev qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools qttools5-private-dev rake
  ros-melodic-actionlib-tutorials ros-melodic-angles ros-melodic-camera-calibration
  ros-melodic-camera-calibration-parsers ros-melodic-camera-info-manager
  ros-melodic-common-tutorials ros-melodic-compressed-depth-image-transport
  ros-melodic-compressed-image-transport ros-melodic-control-msgs ros-melodic-control-toolbox
  ros-melodic-controller-interface ros-melodic-controller-manager
  ros-melodic-controller-manager-msgs ros-melodic-cv-bridge ros-melodic-depth-image-proc
  ros-melodic-desktop ros-melodic-diagnostic-aggregator ros-melodic-diagnostic-analysis
  ros-melodic-diagnostic-common-diagnostics ros-melodic-diagnostic-updater ros-melodic-diagnostics
  ros-melodic-diff-drive-controller ros-melodic-eigen-conversions ros-melodic-executive-smach
  ros-melodic-filters ros-melodic-forward-command-controller ros-melodic-gazebo-dev
  ros-melodic-gazebo-msgs ros-melodic-gazebo-plugins ros-melodic-gazebo-ros
  ros-melodic-gazebo-ros-control ros-melodic-gazebo-ros-pkgs ros-melodic-geometry
  ros-melodic-geometry-tutorials ros-melodic-gl-dependency ros-melodic-hardware-interface
  ros-melodic-image-common ros-melodic-image-geometry ros-melodic-image-pipeline
  ros-melodic-image-proc ros-melodic-image-publisher ros-melodic-image-rotate
  ros-melodic-image-transport ros-melodic-image-transport-plugins ros-melodic-image-view
  ros-melodic-interactive-marker-tutorials ros-melodic-interactive-markers
  ros-melodic-joint-limits-interface ros-melodic-joint-state-controller
  ros-melodic-joint-state-publisher ros-melodic-kdl-conversions ros-melodic-kdl-parser
  ros-melodic-kdl-parser-py ros-melodic-laser-assembler ros-melodic-laser-filters
  ros-melodic-laser-geometry ros-melodic-laser-pipeline ros-melodic-librviz-tutorial
  ros-melodic-map-msgs ros-melodic-media-export ros-melodic-nodelet-tutorial-math
  ros-melodic-orocos-kdl ros-melodic-pcl-conversions ros-melodic-pcl-msgs ros-melodic-pcl-ros
  ros-melodic-perception ros-melodic-perception-pcl ros-melodic-pluginlib-tutorials
  ros-melodic-polled-camera ros-melodic-position-controllers ros-melodic-python-orocos-kdl
  ros-melodic-python-qt-binding ros-melodic-qt-dotgraph ros-melodic-qt-gui ros-melodic-qt-gui-cpp
  ros-melodic-qt-gui-py-common ros-melodic-qwt-dependency ros-melodic-realtime-tools
  ros-melodic-resource-retriever ros-melodic-robot ros-melodic-robot-state-publisher
  ros-melodic-ros-tutorials ros-melodic-roscpp-tutorials ros-melodic-roslint
  ros-melodic-rospy-tutorials ros-melodic-rqt-action ros-melodic-rqt-bag
  ros-melodic-rqt-bag-plugins ros-melodic-rqt-common-plugins ros-melodic-rqt-console
  ros-melodic-rqt-dep ros-melodic-rqt-graph ros-melodic-rqt-gui ros-melodic-rqt-gui-cpp
  ros-melodic-rqt-gui-py ros-melodic-rqt-image-view ros-melodic-rqt-launch
  ros-melodic-rqt-logger-level ros-melodic-rqt-moveit ros-melodic-rqt-msg ros-melodic-rqt-nav-view
  ros-melodic-rqt-plot ros-melodic-rqt-pose-view ros-melodic-rqt-publisher
  ros-melodic-rqt-py-common ros-melodic-rqt-py-console ros-melodic-rqt-reconfigure
  ros-melodic-rqt-robot-dashboard ros-melodic-rqt-robot-monitor ros-melodic-rqt-robot-plugins
  ros-melodic-rqt-robot-steering ros-melodic-rqt-runtime-monitor ros-melodic-rqt-rviz
  ros-melodic-rqt-service-caller ros-melodic-rqt-shell ros-melodic-rqt-srv ros-melodic-rqt-tf-tree
  ros-melodic-rqt-top ros-melodic-rqt-topic ros-melodic-rqt-web ros-melodic-rviz
  ros-melodic-rviz-plugin-tutorials ros-melodic-rviz-python-tutorial ros-melodic-self-test
  ros-melodic-simulators ros-melodic-smach ros-melodic-smach-msgs ros-melodic-smach-ros
  ros-melodic-stage ros-melodic-stage-ros ros-melodic-stereo-image-proc ros-melodic-tf
  ros-melodic-tf-conversions ros-melodic-tf2 ros-melodic-tf2-eigen ros-melodic-tf2-geometry-msgs
  ros-melodic-tf2-kdl ros-melodic-tf2-msgs ros-melodic-tf2-py ros-melodic-tf2-ros
  ros-melodic-theora-image-transport ros-melodic-transmission-interface
  ros-melodic-turtle-actionlib ros-melodic-turtle-tf ros-melodic-turtle-tf2 ros-melodic-turtlesim
  ros-melodic-urdf ros-melodic-urdf-parser-plugin ros-melodic-urdf-sim-tutorial
  ros-melodic-urdf-tutorial ros-melodic-urdfdom-py ros-melodic-vision-opencv
  ros-melodic-visualization-marker-tutorials ros-melodic-visualization-tutorials ros-melodic-viz
  ros-melodic-webkit-dependency ros-melodic-xacro ruby ruby-did-you-mean ruby-minitest
  ruby-net-telnet ruby-power-assert ruby-test-unit ruby2.5 rubygems-integration sdformat-sdf
  sip-dev tcl tcl-dev tcl-vtk6 tcl8.6 tcl8.6-dev tk tk-dev tk8.6 tk8.6-dev ttf-dejavu-core
  unixodbc-dev vtk6 x11proto-composite-dev x11proto-scrnsaver-dev x11proto-xinerama-dev
Suggested packages:
  cython-doc gazebo9-doc graphviz-doc libitpp-dev libcairo2-doc libcurl4-doc libidn11-dev
  libkrb5-dev librtmp-dev libssh2-1-dev libgdal-doc libgeotiff-epsg geotiff-bin gdal-bin
  libgtk2.0-doc libgts-doc libhdf4-doc hdf4-tools libhdf5-doc liblzma-doc netcdf-bin netcdf-doc
  ogdi-bin ogre-1.9-doc libogre-1.9.0v5-dbg openni-doc openni2-doc libpango1.0-doc libpcl-doc
  postgresql-doc-10 spacenavd libsuperlu-doc libtinyxml-doc vtk6-doc vtk6-examples
  java-virtual-machine libxerces-c-doc libyaml-doc python-cycler-doc dvipng inkscape ipython
  python-cairocffi python-configobj python-excelerator python-matplotlib-doc python-qt4
  python-scipy python-tornado python-traits texlive-extra-utils texlive-latex-extra ttf-staypuft
  python-nacl-doc libgle3 python-openssl-doc python-openssl-dbg python-pam-dbg python-psutil-doc
  python-pyqt5-dbg python-sip-doc tix python-tk-dbg python-trie-doc python-twisted-bin-dbg
  python-glade2 python-qt3 python-txaio-doc mayavi2 qt5-doc firebird-dev ri ruby-dev bundler
  tcl-doc tcl-tclreadline tcl8.6-doc tk-doc tk8.6-doc
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  curl cython fltk1.3-doc fluid fonts-lato gazebo9 gazebo9-common gazebo9-plugin-base gdal-data
  gir1.2-gtk-2.0 graphviz hddtemp libann0 libarmadillo-dev libarmadillo8 libarpack2 libarpack2-dev
  libassimp-dev libassimp4 libatk1.0-dev libavcodec-dev libavdevice-dev libavfilter-dev
  libavformat-dev libavresample-dev libavutil-dev libbullet-dev libbullet2.87
  libcairo-script-interpreter2 libcairo2-dev libccd-dev libccd2 libcdt5 libcgraph6 libcharls1
  libcurl4-openssl-dev libdap-dev libdap25 libdapclient6v5 libdapserver7v5 libepsilon-dev
  libepsilon1 libflann-dev libflann1.9 libfltk-cairo1.3 libfltk-forms1.3 libfltk-gl1.3
  libfltk-images1.3 libfltk1.3 libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreeimage-dev libfreeimage3
  libfreetype6-dev libfreexl-dev libfreexl1 libfyba-dev libfyba0 libgazebo9 libgazebo9-dev
  libgdal-dev libgdal20 libgdcm2.8 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-dev libgeos-3.6.2 libgeos-c1v5 libgeos-dev
  libgeotiff-dev libgeotiff2 libgif-dev libgl2ps-dev libgl2ps1.4 libgraphviz-dev libgtk2.0-dev
  libgts-0.7-5 libgts-bin libgts-dev libgvc6 libgvc6-plugins-gtk libgvpr2 libhdf4-0-alt
  libhdf4-alt-dev libhdf5-mpi-dev libhdf5-openmpi-100 libhdf5-openmpi-dev libignition-cmake-dev
  libignition-common libignition-common-dev libignition-fuel-tools1-1 libignition-fuel-tools1-dev
  libignition-math4 libignition-math4-dev libignition-msgs libignition-msgs-dev
  libignition-transport4 libignition-transport4-dev libjbig-dev libjs-sphinxdoc libjs-underscore
  libjson-c-dev libjsoncpp-dev libjxr0 libkml-dev libkmlbase1 libkmlconvenience1 libkmldom1
  libkmlengine1 libkmlregionator1 libkmlxsd1 liblab-gamut1 liblzma-dev libminizip-dev libminizip1
  libnetcdf-c++4 libnetcdf-cxx-legacy-dev libnetcdf-dev libnetcdf13 libogdi3.2 libogdi3.2-dev
  libogg-dev libogre-1.9-dev libogre-1.9.0v5 libopenal-dev libopencv-calib3d3.2 libopencv-core3.2
  libopencv-features2d3.2 libopencv-flann3.2 libopencv-highgui3.2 libopencv-imgcodecs3.2
  libopencv-imgproc3.2 libopencv-ml3.2 libopencv-videoio3.2 libopenjp2-7-dev libopenni-dev
  libopenni-sensor-pointclouds0 libopenni0 libopenni2-0 libopenni2-dev libpango1.0-dev libpathplan4
  libpcl-apps1.8 libpcl-common1.8 libpcl-dev libpcl-features1.8 libpcl-filters1.8 libpcl-io1.8
  libpcl-kdtree1.8 libpcl-keypoints1.8 libpcl-ml1.8 libpcl-octree1.8 libpcl-outofcore1.8
  libpcl-people1.8 libpcl-recognition1.8 libpcl-registration1.8 libpcl-sample-consensus1.8
  libpcl-search1.8 libpcl-segmentation1.8 libpcl-stereo1.8 libpcl-surface1.8 libpcl-tracking1.8
  libpcl-visualization1.8 libpixman-1-dev libpng-dev libpng-tools libpoppler-dev
  libpoppler-private-dev libpostproc-dev libpq-dev libpq5 libproj-dev libproj12 libprotobuf-dev
  libprotoc-dev libprotoc10 libqhull-dev libqhull-r7 libqhull7 libqt5concurrent5
  libqt5designercomponents5 libqt5opengl5-dev libqt5quickparticles5 libqt5quicktest5
  libqt5sql5-sqlite libqt5webkit5-dev libqtpropertybrowser4 libqwt-headers libqwt-qt5-6
  libqwt-qt5-dev libruby2.5 libsdformat6 libsdformat6-dev libsimbody-dev libsimbody3.5v5
  libsocket++1 libspatialite-dev libspatialite7 libspnav0 libsuperlu-dev libsuperlu5
  libswresample-dev libswscale-dev libtar-dev libtar0 libtheora-dev libtiff-dev libtiff5-dev
  libtiffxx5 libtinyxml-dev liburdfdom-dev liburdfdom-headers-dev liburdfdom-model
  liburdfdom-model-state liburdfdom-sensor liburdfdom-world liburiparser-dev liburiparser1
  libvtk6-dev libvtk6-java libvtk6-jni libvtk6-qt-dev libvtk6.3 libvtk6.3-qt libwebp-dev
  libxcb-shm0-dev libxcomposite-dev libxcursor-dev libxdot4 libxerces-c-dev libxerces-c3.2
  libxft-dev libxinerama-dev libxml2-utils libxss-dev libyaml-cpp-dev libyaml-cpp0.5v5 libyaml-dev
  libzip-dev libzip4 libzmq3-dev libzzip-0-13 odbcinst odbcinst1debian2 openni-utils proj-bin
  proj-data protobuf-compiler pyqt5-dev python-autobahn python-automat
  python-backports.functools-lru-cache python-cbor python-click python-colorama
  python-concurrent.futures python-constantly python-cycler python-hyperlink python-incremental
  python-lz4 python-matplotlib python-mpi4py python-nacl python-opengl python-openssl python-pam
  python-psutil python-pyasn1-modules python-pydot python-pyqt5 python-pyqt5.qtopengl
  python-pyqt5.qtsvg python-pyqt5.qtwebkit python-qrcode python-serial python-service-identity
  python-sip python-sip-dev python-snappy python-subprocess32 python-tk python-trie python-trollius
  python-twisted python-twisted-bin python-twisted-core python-txaio python-tz python-u-msgpack
  python-ubjson python-vtk6 python-wsaccel python-zope.interface qt5-assistant qt5-qmake
  qt5-qmake-bin qt5-qmltooling-plugins qtbase5-dev qtbase5-dev-tools qtdeclarative5-dev
  qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools qttools5-private-dev rake ros-melodic-actionlib-tutorials
  ros-melodic-angles ros-melodic-camera-calibration ros-melodic-camera-calibration-parsers
  ros-melodic-camera-info-manager ros-melodic-common-tutorials
  ros-melodic-compressed-depth-image-transport ros-melodic-compressed-image-transport
  ros-melodic-control-msgs ros-melodic-control-toolbox ros-melodic-controller-interface
  ros-melodic-controller-manager ros-melodic-controller-manager-msgs ros-melodic-cv-bridge
  ros-melodic-depth-image-proc ros-melodic-desktop ros-melodic-desktop-full
  ros-melodic-diagnostic-aggregator ros-melodic-diagnostic-analysis
  ros-melodic-diagnostic-common-diagnostics ros-melodic-diagnostic-updater ros-melodic-diagnostics
  ros-melodic-diff-drive-controller ros-melodic-eigen-conversions ros-melodic-executive-smach
  ros-melodic-filters ros-melodic-forward-command-controller ros-melodic-gazebo-dev
  ros-melodic-gazebo-msgs ros-melodic-gazebo-plugins ros-melodic-gazebo-ros
  ros-melodic-gazebo-ros-control ros-melodic-gazebo-ros-pkgs ros-melodic-geometry
  ros-melodic-geometry-tutorials ros-melodic-gl-dependency ros-melodic-hardware-interface
  ros-melodic-image-common ros-melodic-image-geometry ros-melodic-image-pipeline
  ros-melodic-image-proc ros-melodic-image-publisher ros-melodic-image-rotate
  ros-melodic-image-transport ros-melodic-image-transport-plugins ros-melodic-image-view
  ros-melodic-interactive-marker-tutorials ros-melodic-interactive-markers
  ros-melodic-joint-limits-interface ros-melodic-joint-state-controller
  ros-melodic-joint-state-publisher ros-melodic-kdl-conversions ros-melodic-kdl-parser
  ros-melodic-kdl-parser-py ros-melodic-laser-assembler ros-melodic-laser-filters
  ros-melodic-laser-geometry ros-melodic-laser-pipeline ros-melodic-librviz-tutorial
  ros-melodic-map-msgs ros-melodic-media-export ros-melodic-nodelet-tutorial-math
  ros-melodic-orocos-kdl ros-melodic-pcl-conversions ros-melodic-pcl-msgs ros-melodic-pcl-ros
  ros-melodic-perception ros-melodic-perception-pcl ros-melodic-pluginlib-tutorials
  ros-melodic-polled-camera ros-melodic-position-controllers ros-melodic-python-orocos-kdl
  ros-melodic-python-qt-binding ros-melodic-qt-dotgraph ros-melodic-qt-gui ros-melodic-qt-gui-cpp
  ros-melodic-qt-gui-py-common ros-melodic-qwt-dependency ros-melodic-realtime-tools
  ros-melodic-resource-retriever ros-melodic-robot ros-melodic-robot-state-publisher
  ros-melodic-ros-tutorials ros-melodic-roscpp-tutorials ros-melodic-roslint
  ros-melodic-rospy-tutorials ros-melodic-rqt-action ros-melodic-rqt-bag
  ros-melodic-rqt-bag-plugins ros-melodic-rqt-common-plugins ros-melodic-rqt-console
  ros-melodic-rqt-dep ros-melodic-rqt-graph ros-melodic-rqt-gui ros-melodic-rqt-gui-cpp
  ros-melodic-rqt-gui-py ros-melodic-rqt-image-view ros-melodic-rqt-launch
  ros-melodic-rqt-logger-level ros-melodic-rqt-moveit ros-melodic-rqt-msg ros-melodic-rqt-nav-view
  ros-melodic-rqt-plot ros-melodic-rqt-pose-view ros-melodic-rqt-publisher
  ros-melodic-rqt-py-common ros-melodic-rqt-py-console ros-melodic-rqt-reconfigure
  ros-melodic-rqt-robot-dashboard ros-melodic-rqt-robot-monitor ros-melodic-rqt-robot-plugins
  ros-melodic-rqt-robot-steering ros-melodic-rqt-runtime-monitor ros-melodic-rqt-rviz
  ros-melodic-rqt-service-caller ros-melodic-rqt-shell ros-melodic-rqt-srv ros-melodic-rqt-tf-tree
  ros-melodic-rqt-top ros-melodic-rqt-topic ros-melodic-rqt-web ros-melodic-rviz
  ros-melodic-rviz-plugin-tutorials ros-melodic-rviz-python-tutorial ros-melodic-self-test
  ros-melodic-simulators ros-melodic-smach ros-melodic-smach-msgs ros-melodic-smach-ros
  ros-melodic-stage ros-melodic-stage-ros ros-melodic-stereo-image-proc ros-melodic-tf
  ros-melodic-tf-conversions ros-melodic-tf2 ros-melodic-tf2-eigen ros-melodic-tf2-geometry-msgs
  ros-melodic-tf2-kdl ros-melodic-tf2-msgs ros-melodic-tf2-py ros-melodic-tf2-ros
  ros-melodic-theora-image-transport ros-melodic-transmission-interface
  ros-melodic-turtle-actionlib ros-melodic-turtle-tf ros-melodic-turtle-tf2 ros-melodic-turtlesim
  ros-melodic-urdf ros-melodic-urdf-parser-plugin ros-melodic-urdf-sim-tutorial
  ros-melodic-urdf-tutorial ros-melodic-urdfdom-py ros-melodic-vision-opencv
  ros-melodic-visualization-marker-tutorials ros-melodic-visualization-tutorials ros-melodic-viz
  ros-melodic-webkit-dependency ros-melodic-xacro ruby ruby-did-you-mean ruby-minitest
  ruby-net-telnet ruby-power-assert ruby-test-unit ruby2.5 rubygems-integration sdformat-sdf
  sip-dev tcl tcl-dev tcl-vtk6 tcl8.6 tcl8.6-dev tk tk-dev tk8.6 tk8.6-dev ttf-dejavu-core
  unixodbc-dev vtk6 x11proto-composite-dev x11proto-scrnsaver-dev x11proto-xinerama-dev
The following packages will be upgraded:
  libcurl4 libfreetype6 libpoppler-glib8 libpoppler73 poppler-utils
5 upgraded, 486 newly installed, 0 to remove and 132 not upgraded.
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After this operation, 1114 MB of additional disk 
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